Sir Isaac Newton
We all know Sir Isaac Newton. He was an English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, theologian, and author. Who is widely recognized as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution.
Sir Isaac Newton Childhood
Sir Isaac Newton born on 25 December 1642 in a poor family at Lincolnshire in England. He never saw his Father because his father died 3 months before his birth. During his birth, he was in critical condition. It was very difficult to keep him alive. But after lots of efforts of the doctor, he was alive. Sir Isaac Newton was named by the name of his father. When sir Newton was 3 years old his mother married again. But his stepfather didn’t like him. So his mother sent him to his grandparents. In the early days, Sir Newton couldn’t speak clearly. He was very angry by nature so that he had not that many friends and also some are called him mad.
From his childhood, he talked about stars and the moon. He asked questions about then to his grandparents. But they could not give his right answer because till that time science did not discover such things.
Sir Isaac Newton Education
At the age of 12, he started going to school at King’s School, Grantham. He was not good at all in the study, for that, his classmate tease him. So he was fighting with his classmate every day. For this attitude, he restricted from school. During this, he lost his stepfather so he came back to his mother. But they did not have any income source. So his mother told him to make farming and take responsibility. But newton did not want to make farming. So his mother talks to the school principal and sent him back to school. But this time newton wants to take revenge from that student for whom he was restricted. So he keeps [ focus only on his study and very soon he is counting in toppers lists.
Then in 1661 at the age of 19 With the help of his uncle, he got admission to Trinity College, Cambridge. He was work for the rich students to take his daily expenses. In 1664 he got a scholarship for his study and research. During his college, he discovers Binomial Theorem and began to develop some mathematical theory in the year pf 1665. Which later called Calculus.
Sir Isaac Newton Inventions
In August 1665 Sir Newton completed his bachelor of arts. For further study, he wants to take admission to MMA, But at that time Plague disease was spread in London. For that, the whole city was on lockdown for some months. So he came back to his mother. One day he sat in a garden and suddenly an apple was fall from a tree. Then he thought that there is lots of space on the upside of the tree, Then why the apple falls on the ground side. Then he started making research on low of motion and the law of gravity. After two years, he got success in his research.
In April 1667 he returned to Cambridge and he elected as a fellow of Trinity. Then he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 16672. Sir Newton had reluctant to publish his calculus. Because of the afraid of controversy and criticism. Sir newton becomes involved in a dispute with Leibniz over priority in the development of Calculus. During this time Labeled Leibniz claimed on Calculus. The dispute then broke out in fall force in 1711, when the Royal Society [proclaimed in a study that Sir Isaac Newton who was the true discoverer and labeled Leibniz a fraud.
Newton Discovered that the orbit of the earth moves around the sun in a Spiral shape. But he won’t have any particular theory to prove it. Then one Scientist named Robert Hooke claiming that the path would not be a Spiral but an ellipse. Then Sir Newton proceeded to work out the mathematics of orbits. After 18 months he found that the orbit shape like an ellipse. Then he realizes that not to give any conclusion without any proof.
Sir Isaac Newton later life
Then he published 3 books named ” Principia Mathemetica” .
In the first book of Principia, Sir Newton mentioned the 3 low of motion. Which known as Newton’s low.
the second book of Principia presented Newton’s new scientific Philosophy. Which came to replace Cartesianism.
In the third book mentioned the application of his dynamics, including an explanation for tides and the theory of Lunar motion.
In 1666 Sir Newton observes that the Spectrum colors exiting a prism in the position of minimum deviation is oblong. The prism refracts different colors by a different angle which known as (VIBGYOR) Violet, Indigo, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red.
He also devoted a great deal of time to alchemy. Newton was also a member of the parliament of England for Cambridge University in 1689-90 and 1701.
In 1703 Newton was elected as President of the Royal Society after Robert Hooke’s death.
Sir Isaac Newton at their last days
Sir Isaac Newton moved to London to take up the post of warden of the Royal Mint in 1696. HE took charges of England’s great re-coining. Sir Isaac Newton became perhaps the best-known master of the mint upon a position. Sir Newton held for the last 30 years of his life.
To words the end of the life Newton lived at Cranbury Park, near Winchester, England with his niece Catherine. By the time he reached 80 years of age, Sir Isaac Newton was experiencing digestion problems and drastically change his diet and mobility. On March 31, 1727, at the age of 84, he passed away.